Faktor Risiko Keterlambatan Perkembangan Bicara dan Bahasa pada Anak Usia 24-48 Bulan

Main Article Content

Desi Fitriani
Juniastuti
Ahmad Suryawan

Abstract

Speech and language skills are the determinants of all child development. Psychosocial factors are one of the most researched postnatal environmental factors, but most research only examines one of many psychosocial factors. In this research, 4 psychosocial factors will be researched. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of stimulation, quality of parent-child interaction, the intensity of the use of gadgets, and the duration of watching television as risk factors for speech and language delayed in children aged 24-48 months in Surabaya. This type of study was a case-control study in 122 children aged 24-48 months in 2 working areas of the Public Health Center in Surabaya. Data were analyzed by Chi-Square, contingency coefficient, and logistic regression test. The result showed that there was a relationship between the frequency of stimulation (p < 0.01), the quality of parent-child interaction (p < 0.01), the intensity of device use (p < 0.01), and television viewing duration (p < 0.01 ) with the risk of delayed speech and language development in children and the most dominant risk factor is the quality of parent-child interaction (OR 21,567). It can be concluded that frequency of stimulation, quality of parent-child interaction, the intensity of the use of gadgets, and duration of watching television are risk factors for delayed speech and language development in children aged 24-48 months, and the quality of parent-child interaction is the most influential risk factor.


Keywords: speech and language development; children

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Fitriani, D., Juniastuti, & Suryawan, A. (2022). Faktor Risiko Keterlambatan Perkembangan Bicara dan Bahasa pada Anak Usia 24-48 Bulan. JURNAL KESEHATAN MERCUSUAR, 5(1), 87-97. https://doi.org/10.36984/jkm.v5i1.276
Section
Articles

References

Anggrahini, S. A. D. (2013). Dinamika Komunikasi Keluarga Pengguna Gadget. Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta.

Black, L. I., Vahratian, A., & Hoffman, H. J. (2015). Communication Disorders and Use of Intervention Services Among Children Aged 3-17 Years: United States, 2012. In NCHS data brief.

Byeon, H., & Hong, S. (2015). Relationship between Television Viewing and Language Delay in Toddlers : Evidence from a Korea National Cross-Sectional Survey. PLoS ONE, 10(3), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120663

Conway, L. J., Reilly, S., Levickis, P. A., Smith, J., Mensah, F., Wake, M., & Conway, L. J. (2017). Maternal communicative behaviours and interaction quality as predictors of language development : findings from a community-based study of slow-to- talk toddlers. International Journal of Language and Comunicattion Disorders, 00(0), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1111/1460-6984.12352

Devianty, R. (2016) Pemerolehan Bahasa dan Gangguan Bahasa Pada Anak Usia Batita. Raudhah, 4(1). pp. 1-10. doi: 10.30829/raudhah.v4i1.59.

Fazriesa, S. (2018). Perkembangan Bahasa Anak Usia 0-3 Tahun Di Wilayah Kerja POSKESKEL Penengahan Raya Kecamatan Kedaton Bandar Lampung. Universitas Lampung.

Filisyamala, J. (2018). Pengaruh Media Televisi untuk Mengembangkan Kosakata Anak. Jurnal Riset Dan Konseptual, 3(1), 253–259. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.28926/briliant .v3i2.180

Kania, N. (2006). Stimulasi Tumbuh Kembang Anak Untuk Mencapai Tumbuh Kembang yang Optimal (pp. 1–10). pp. 1–10. Retrieved from https://d1wqtxts1xzle7.cloudfront.net/50732923/stimulasi_tumbuh_kembang_anak_optimal.pdf?1480987365=&response-content-disposition=inline%3B+filename%3DSTIMULASI_TUMBUH_KEMBANG_ANAK_UNTUK_MENC.pdf&Expires=1607713741&Signature=YJ1xoS2-k-rQqfuhRebnRfmsvCv0Ht

Kemenkes RI. (2016). Pedoman Pelaksanaan SDIDTK Anak di Tingkat Pelayanan Kesehatan Dasar. Jakarta.

Khalida, R. (2019). Gambara Upaya Orangtua dengan Anak Down Syndrome tentang Perkembangan Pemerolehan Bahasa Pertama. Jurnal Kesehatan Mercusuar, 2(1), 1–8.
Knauer, H. A., Ozer, E. J., Dow, W. H., & Fernald, L. C. H. (2019). Parenting quality at two developmental periods in early childhood and their association with child development. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 47, 396–404. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2018.08.009

Nelson, H. D., Nygren, P., Walker, M., & Panoscha, R. (2006). Screening for speech and language delay in preschool children: Systematic evidence review for the US preventive services task force. American Academy of Pediatrics, 117(2), e298–e318. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2005-1467

Nurmasari, A. (2016). Hubungan Intensitas Penggunaan Gadget Dengan Keterlambatan Perkembangan Pada Aspek Bicara dan Bahasa pada Balita di Kelurahan Tambakrejo Surabaya. Universitas Airlangga.

Putra, A. Y., Yudiemawati, A., & Maemunah, N. (2018). Pengaruh Pemberian Stimulasi Oleh Orang Tua Terhadap Perkembangan Bahasa Anak Usia Toddler di PAUD Asparaga Malang. Journal Nursing News, 3(1), 563–571. https://doi.org/10.1021/BC049898Y

Rowe, M. L. (2012). A Longitudinal Investigation of the Role of Quantity and Quality of Child-Directed Speech in Vocabulary Development. 83(5), 1762–1774. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01805.x

Setianingsih, F. (2017). Peran Komunikasi Ayah Dalam Perkembangan Mental Anak: Studi Atas Santri Putrid Pondok Tahfidz Karanganyar. Academica, 1(2), pp. 169-184.

Shonkoff, J. P., & Phillips, D. A. (2000). From neurons to neighborhoods: The science of early childhood development. National Academies Press.

Soetjiningsih. (2013). Tumbuh Kembang Anak (2nd ed.; Soetjiningsih & I. N. G. Ranuh, Eds.). Jakarta: EGC.

Suhana, M. (2018). Influence of Gadget Usage on Children’s Social-Emotional Development. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research (ASSEHR), 169, 224–227. https://doi.org/10.2991/icece-17.2018.58

Sukmawati, B. (2019). Pengaruh Gadget Terhadapa Perkembangan Bicara Anak Usia 3 Tahun di TK Buah Hati Kita. Garuda Ristekdikti, 3(1), 51–60. Retrieved from http://download.garuda.ristekdikti.go.id/article.php?article=1052460&val=15224&title=PENGARUH GADGET TERHADAP PERKEMBANGAN BICARA ANAK USIA 3 TAHUN DI TK BUAH HATI KITA#:~:text=Dampak positif menurut Handriyanto (2013,karena mampu menyelesaikan permainan%25

Suryawan, A. (2017). Pengaruh gadget terhadap anak. In Update on Pediatric Diagnostic and Management Practices 2017 (pp. 86–98). https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/2zmy8

Suryawan, A. (2020). Rekomendasi Screen Time pada Anak. Integrated Approach to Improve Growth and Development in Children, (February), 87–96. Jakarta: Badan Penerbit Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia.

Yuniarti, S. (2015). Asuhan Tumbuh Kembang Neonatus Bayi-Balita dan Anak Pra Sekolah, Dilengkapi Stimulasi Tumbuh Kembang Anak Melalui Bermain (Cetakan 1). Bandung: PT.Refika Aditama.